Strings

Strings are represented with String and WString types. These are wrappers for the standard C++ strings and have the same interface and behaviour.

String narrow = "NarrowString";
WString wide = L"WideString";

String encoding

When using the standard string operator "" note that your string will use platform-specific string encoding. On Windows this will be a single byte non-Unicode locale specific encoding limited to 255 characters, while on macOS and Linux this will be a multi-byte UTF8 encoding. Therefore on Windows you cannot use this operator to encode full range on Unicode values.

// On Windows only valid for 255 characters of the current locale
String narrow = "NarrowString";
// On Windows this will not be encoded properly as these characters are unlikely to all be present
// in the current locale
String invalidNarrow = "";

Therefore if you need to support a whole range of Unicode characters make sure to either use WString and "L" prefix, or even better String and "u8" prefix. Otherwise you risk that your character wont be encoded properly for all platforms.

// Wide strings will always properly encode Unicode, but use unnecessarily large 32-bit UTF32 on Linux/macOS
WString validWide = L"";
// Best option is to use narrow strings and force UTF8 encoding
String validNarrow = u8"";

Converting between encodings

bs::f provides a variety of methods to convert between most common string encodings. This functionality is provided in the UTF8 class. For example use UTF8::fromANSI() to convert from locale-specific encoding to UTF8, and UTF8::toANSI() for other way around. Conversions for UTF-16 and UTF-32 are also provided.

// Assuming Windows platform
// Locale specific ANSI encoding
String strANSI = "NarrowString";
// Convert to UTF-8
String strUTF8 = UTF8::fromANSI(strANSI);
// And back to ANSI
strANSI = UTF8::toANSI(strUTF8);

Converting data types

You can convert most primitive data types to strings by using the toString or toWString functions.

bool v1 = false;
int v2 = 244;
String str1 = toString(v1);
String str2 = toString(v2);

You can also do an opposite conversion, converting from a string to a primitive data type by calling one of the parse functions.

String str1 = "false";
String str2 = "244";
bool v1 = parseBool(str1, false);
int v2 = parseINT32(str2, 0);

If the system cannot properly parse the string, it will instead assign the default value provided.

Manipulating strings

Various forms of string manipulations can be performed via StringUtil, including but not limited to: making a string upper or lower case, replacing string elements, matching string elements, splitting strings based on delimiters and more.

String string = "124,355,banana,954";
// Split string into entries separated by ,
Vector<String> entries = StringUtil::split(string, ",");
// Replace all occurrences of "banana" within the string, with "643"
string = StringUtil::replaceAll(string, "banana", "643");

Formatting strings

Often you need to construct larger strings from other strings. Use StringUtil::format() to construct such strings by providing a template string, which contains special identifiers for inserting other strings. The identifiers are represented like "{0}, {1}" in the source string, where the number represents the position of the parameter that will be used for replacing the identifier.

String templateStr = "Hello, my name is {0}.";
String str = StringUtil::format(templateStr, "bs::f");
// str now contains the string "Hello, my name is bs::f."